What is the purpose of a water source heat pump?

Describe the Water Source Heat Pump

A Water Source Heat Pump (WSHP) could be the best option for commercial buildings in terms of dependability and efficiency. The operation of a water source heat pump is very similar to that of an air source heat pump, with the exception that water is used to extract and distribute heat, rather than air. Since even cold air contains significant heat, an air source uses heat from the outside until the air temperature drops below freezing. Water is cycled through a loop of piping that is typically supplied by a water tower to accomplish this.


The size of the installation is decided by a professional installer based on the size of the property to be heated and the volume of the water source itself. The system will be installed into a specific water source.

The heating process is facilitated by a network of underground pipes that are submerged. Heat energy can be effectively transferred to the heat pump itself by using either antifreeze liquid in closed-loop systems or water from the source itself in open-loop systems. The overall procedure is essentially the same as other heat pump techniques once the heat energy has been introduced into the system.

Various Kinds of water source heat pump

Pumps using water as a source can be set up in either an open loop or a closed loop system. Although both have their applications in different property layouts, closed-loop systems are more frequently used.

  • Closing loop system: For homes where the necessary piping can be run beneath the property and into the water, a closed-loop water source heat pump is the best option. As they are easier to install and don’t need the same specific installation conditions as open loops, closed loops are typically a less expensive option.
  • Open-loop system: Due to the fact that open loops actively draw water into the system for operation, additional regulations must be installed and used.

How dependable and effective are water source heat pumps?

The actual efficiency frequently outperforms both air and ground source heat pumps, even though the overall efficiency will fluctuate as the temperature of the water source drops and rises over time. This is because, regardless of the weather where you live, the water temperature outside is constant.

Remember that your WSHP’s overall performance may be impacted if your water source is prone to frost and freezing over. Your installer will evaluate this during the inspection and specification stage.

Water source heat pump systems have the added advantage of having pipework systems that can be submerged underwater, making them a practical choice for projects that are particularly aesthetically sensitive and require minimal visual impact, both during installation and once completed.

Geothermal heat pumps are incredibly effective and are made to function in frigid conditions. They do need electricity to run, but only 25% of that energy must come from electricity; instead, 75% of the energy is produced by the thermal energy extracted from a water source. This will lessen your emissions and the impact you have on the environment because 75% of the energy you use will come from renewable sources.


The benefits of utilizing water’s thermal energy include:

  • Ideal for homes close to a water source, it provides heating and hot water.
  • When necessary, heat pumps can be housed indoors or inside outbuildings.
  • Does not require extensive drilling or digging to install
  • Ideal for homes that use hydropower for electricity
  • Operating quietly

Which Water Sources are suitable for a heat pump?

  • Lakes
  • Rivers, streams, and
  • Mineral water
  • Saltwater
  • A subsurface layer of permeable rock, rock fractures, or unconsolidated materials that contain water is known as an aquifer (gravel, sand, or silt). An irrigation well can be used to retrieve groundwater.

Application of a water source heat pump

It is ideal for a wide range of building designs, including office buildings, apartment complexes, lodging facilities, condominiums, educational facilities, and much more. It doesn’t matter where the installation is located, but a It can only be used if you have access to an appropriate body of water. But if you do live close to such a body of water, you should undoubtedly give a water source geothermal heat pump some thought. for more, Please contact today!

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